Lingaraja Temple at Bhubaneshwar – Kalinga Structure Masterpiece

My first creation to Lingaraja Temple in Bhubaneshwar was once all over my direction on Indian Artwork at Nationwide Museum. In a lecture at the North Indian Nagara Taste of temple structure, the Lingaraja temple was once proven intimately as the most efficient instance of Nagara temple structure. Because the speaker defined each side of this grand temple, a want to talk over with it took start within me.

Landscape view of the Lingaraja temple
Panorama view of the temple. Get a point of view of the scale via having a look on the guests

It took a couple of years earlier than I may talk over with the temple. The sheer dimension of the temple and the temple complicated invokes a way of awe. Our information first took us to the viewing pedestal from the place you get a panorama view of the temple. It was once constructed for the British rulers who weren’t allowed to step within the temple. Sure, that is a kind of few temples the place most effective Hindus are allowed. The platform simply offers a vantage view that doesn’t get from within the temple.

Landscape view of the Lingaraja temple premises from the viewpoint
Panorama view of the temple premises from the standpoint/platform

What you spot is a sequence of small temples surrounding the massive temple within the heart. Devotees are shifting across the premises going from one temple to any other.

Historical past of Lingaraja Temple

Odisha has 4 distinguished sacred areas referred to as Shankha, Chakra, Gada, and Padma impressed via the 4 Ayudhas of Mahavishnu. Bhuvaneshwar falls within the Chakra Kshetra. It’s often referred to as Ekamra Kshetra which refers to a Mango tree and most definitely implies that the unique temple was once underneath a Mango tree. Keep in mind Kanchipuram additionally has a temple referred to as Ekambareshwar devoted to Shiva.

Who Constructed Lingaraja Temple?

The earliest proof dates the temple to the early 7th CE when it was once constructed via the Keshari kings. The key portions of the temple although date again to 11th CE via Yayati or Jajati Keshari of the Somvamshi dynasty who moved his capital from Jajpur to Bhubaneshwar.

Keep in mind that is the time when probably the most magnificent temples like Kandariya Mahadev in Khajuraho and Brihideeshwara in Thanjavur had been being constructed.

Nagara Structure – Lingaraja Temple

Lingaraja temple is likely one of the largest Hindu temples with its compound measuring 520 X 465 ft. It’s an east-facing temple in-built Sandstone and laterite. Constructed within the standard Kalinga Nagara architectural taste or Deula taste it has all of the parts of this taste. The Vimana or Garbh Griha is the tallest, adopted via Jagmohan or the Mandapa, adopted via a Natyamandapa or the dancing corridor, and in spite of everything Bhog Mandapa or the corridor of choices. They all have roofs in lowering order of peak.

Frontal view of the Lingaraja temple Shikhara
Frontal view of the temple Shikhara

Surrounded via a tall wall or Prakara, the temple is in truth a fancy of 150 or so small temples. This follows the custom of getting all of the Tirthas represented within the native tirtha. This additionally means that in spite of being a royal temple, this temple is a sacred Tirtha. The Temple of Bhagawati is positioned within the northwest nook of the temple. I have in mind seeing numerous historical Shivalingas within the temples in addition to open courtyards for the pilgrims to take a relaxation.

View of the Shikhara
View of the Shikhara

The Shikhara or the superstructure of the temple is 180 Feet tall, supported via 12 Shardulas. Then again, what makes it extraordinarily intriguing for temple historians is the truth that this can be a profusely carved Shikhara. Actually, each inch of it’s carved stone telling many tales.

The doorway to the temple has lions carved on each side giving it the identify Simhadwar.

Debi Padahara Pond

Landscape view of Debi Padahara pond, the temple in the background
Panorama view of Debi Padahara pond, the temple within the background

In entrance of the temple is the Debi Padahara tank that you need to move down a couple of steps to achieve. It’s surrounded via many small shrines throughout, and miniature temples.

Debi Padahara Tank close-up view
Debi Padahara Tank close-up view

Past the tank, there’s a public lawn with an increased platform. If you’re visiting the temple, do take a panorama view of the temple and tank from there. It is only 100-150 meters away, so don’t leave out a grand view of the temple.

Debi Padahara tank information board
Debi Padahara tank knowledge board

Do learn – Heritage Temples of Bhubaneshwar

Lingaraja

Lingraja actually method the king of the Linga or a royal Linga. This can be a Shiva temple however Shiva here’s worshipped as Harihara or the mixed type of Vishnu and Shiva. The linga right here has a line on it that depicts the approaching in combination of 2 deities. The similar presentations within the flag atop the temple this is fastened on a Pinaki bow as an alternative of a trident or a Chakra. In a similar fashion, each Bilva and Tulasi leaves are introduced to the deity.

Linga here’s an uncarved granite rock about 8 ft in diameter and emerging about 8 inches above the bottom. It’s surrounded via the Black Chlorite rim representing the Yoni. It is usually referred to as Tribhubaneshwara – the lord of 3 worlds. Every other identify used is Kritibasa.

Landscape view of the temple and pond in front
Panorama view of the temple and pond in entrance

It’s believed to be a Swayambhu or self-manifested Lingam, some of the 64 distinguished Shiva Kshetras around the nation. They are saying that this lingam seemed most effective all over Dwapar and Kaliyuga. It is usually believed that the Bindusagar – the within sight tank is stuffed via the river that originates under the temple.

Custom says that Yatra to Jagannath Puri isn’t entire except you talk over with the Ekamra Kshetra first. Even Chaitanya Mahaprabhu adopted this custom earlier than visiting Puri.

Ekamra Kanana

Pauranic stories let us know that Ekamra Kanana or a Mango Orchard right here was once the favourite of Shiva. He most well-liked it even to Kashi and shared this with Parvati. Interest led Parvati to talk over with the area and she or he got here right here as a Gopika or a cowherd girl. As she was once wandering round, she was once adopted via two asuras referred to as Kriti and Basa. Enamored via her attractiveness, they proposed marriage to her. Parvati coyly requested them to first elevate her on their shoulders. They readily did so, with out knowing the divine nature of the Devi. They had been beaten below her weight.

Parvati felt thirsty after this incident and that’s when Shiva created the Bindusagar lake to quench her thirst. It’s stated that he invited waters from all of the sacred rivers and lakes to come back right here. Everybody obliged excluding the Godavari. She was once cursed and that curse was once got rid of most effective after she worshipped Shiva and Parvati.

Bindu Sagar Lake

A pilgrimage within the town certainly starts with a dip in Bindu Sagar Lake. That is particularly related on days like eclipse or Sankranti. After it, you talk over with Ananta Vasudeva who’s the presiding deity of the area. After worshipping his members of the family, you in spite of everything input the good temple of Tribhubaneshwara – the lord of 3 worlds or the Lingaraja. Brahma Puran describes intimately the practices of this temple.

Bindu Sagar Lake, Bhubaneshwar
Panorama view of Bindu Sagar Lake, Bhubaneshwar

Temple prasad is given in small cane baskets simply love it is given at Jagannath Puri temple. It isn’t a same old apply to offer prasad at Shiva temples however because of the presence of Vishnu, prasad is obtainable right here.

22 other rituals that come with Abhisheka with other such things as water, milk or Bhang, Artis, and Bhoga are introduced all over the day as is the norm on the temples. Those move from waking up the deity within the morning to striking him to sleep at night time.

Gala’s at Lingaraja Temple

Being a Shiva Temple, Mahashivaratri is the largest competition celebrated right here. Folks rapid, be offering Bel leaves and carry out Abhisheka on this present day to Lingaraj. A Mahadwipa is lit on this present day.

Throughout the sacred Shravan month, a month that has a deep affiliation with Shiva, pilgrims referred to as Bol Bums, raise the water from Mahanadi to the temple and be offering it to Shiva. That is an an identical of Kanwariyas in North India.

A Rathotsava /Rath Yatra or the chariot competition is widely known on Ashoka Ashtami or Chaitra Shukla Ashtami. On this present day the Lingaraj and Rukmini Murtis from the temple talk over with the traditional Rameshwar Temple within the town. This follows a convention the place the oldest deity within the town is visited via the deities who got here later however now is also extra distinguished.

Chandan Yatra is a 22-day competition the place the devotees are introduced Chandan or Sandalwood paste. The deities, monks and the temple team of workers smeared with sandalwood then take a dip within the Bindusagar all over this time.

Sunian day is widely known all over the monsoon month of Bhadrapada when the folk related to the temple pledge their loyalty to the temple. I guess this will have to had been a royal apply at a while in historical past.

Another landscape view of the temple
Every other panorama view of the temple

Trip Guidelines

  • Most effective Hindus are allowed within the temple. Others can view the temple from the viewing gallery.
  • Preferably, you’re anticipated to take a tub earlier than visiting the temple, and now not pollute the temple whatsoever as prescribed in non secular texts.
  • Temple is open from 6 AM – 12 Midday after which from 3:30 – 9 PM.
  • Pictures isn’t allowed within the temple, now not even cell phone is authorized.
  • Temple belongs to ASI although it’s controlled via the Temple accept as true with board.
  • You wish to have 2 hours to look the temple intimately but it surely additionally is determined by the gang that day.
  • It’s within the town and subsequently smartly hooked up via public shipping amenities like a town bus, automobiles, and taxis.

Bhubaneshwar the capital town of Odisha is easily hooked up via Air, Educate, or Highway. Lodging of all levels may be simply to be had within the town.

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